(12) In a few NENA languages the new preterite from Class II verbs enjoys good vocalism (m)CoCiC- or (m)CuCiC- without any predecessor in the earlier languages. Noldeke (1868, 213) advised your modern form try related to this new Hebrew pual. Examples: Aradhin mbusille ‘he cooked’ (Krotkoff 1982, 136), Tkhuma mso:re:li ‘I began’, Jilu +poltele ‘he grabbed they out’ (Fox 1992, 54). Forms with o otherwise you is actually absent additional NENA and possess in lot of of your own NENA dialects: Hertevin, Sanandaj Religious, and you will Halabja: Halabja bqirraxun ‘you (pl.) asked’, Hertevin bqerre ‘he asked’ (Jastrow 1988, 206).
(13) The entire introduce is noted of the a prefix in most NENA but Hertevin plus Mandaic and also in Turoyo. The latest prefix requires one of three forms: (a) k- toward all of the verbs (cutting-edge to c- when you look at the Urmi, stretched in order to ko- in advance of consonants inside the Turoyo, as well as in Zakho to-be grams- in advance of a voiced phoneme); (b) k- but merely toward a restricted category of verbs (with many voicing intake and sometimes other change too); or (c) i- on all of the verbs.
Examples: (a) Zakho k-xaze ‘he sees’, g-emir ‘he says’ (Meehan and Alon 1979, 182), Urmi csader ‘he sends’ (Hetzron 1969, 115), Turoyo kohoze ‘he sees’, Tisqopa ksaqIl ‘he takes’ (Rubba, personal communication); (b) Halabja k-ImrIx-wa ‘we perform say’, however, doqIx-wa-le ‘we manage to see it’, Azerbaijan k-xil ‘he takes, usually eat’, but sate ‘he beverages, have a tendency to, will get drink’ (Garbell 1965, 66, 67); (c) Aradhin we-zare:los angeles ‘he tills it’ (Krotkoff 1982, 70), Jilu we-napli baro ‘they pursue her’ (Fox 1992, 55). ادامه خواندن “The new involved function during the Syriac is the pael couch potato participle, whoever means are mCaCCaC”